Standard K.RF.3B: Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words. Associate the long and short sounds with the common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels.

Materials:

Pre-made poster board with Letters: A, E, I, O, U w/sayings illustrations

Word/picture strips for modeling/guided practice

5 cupcake tins

5 baggies of 15 words for each group of 3

Pre-made poster board answer key

Practice:  Tell your child that you are going to work on reviewing short vowel sounds.  Ask, “Can tell me a letter in the alphabet that is considered a vowel?” ( “a, e, i, o, and u.” Help if need be.)

(Show vowel picture card for the letter “A”.)  The short vowel sound for the letter” a” is “ahhh”.  Place your hands up by your nose and mouth like you were going to sneeze.  Let me here what your sneezes might sound like. (Do with the students saying, “a-a-a-choo!”) Notice how you hear the “ahhh” sound in “a-a-a-choo!”  (Show a card for the word “apple”.)  In the word apple, I hear the short “a” sound in the beginning of the word.  “A-a-apple!” Can you say it with me?  ( “a-a-apple” and then tape this word under the letter “a”) I also hear the short “a” sound in the word “ham.”  “H-a-m!”  Can you say it with me?  (“h-a-a-am” and then tape this word under the letter “a”.)

(Show vowel picture card for the letter “E”.)  The short vowel sound for the letter “e” is “ehhh” like in “e-e-exercising!”  I want you to put your arms up like you were going to do bicep curls (show your child what this would look like.)  Whenever we see a word with a short “e” sound in it, we will pretend to “pump ourselves up” by lifting weights and “e-e-exercising!”  Say it with me now, “e-e-exercising!”  Okay, now let’s look at a few words that have a short vowel “e” in them.  The word “net” has a short vowel “e” in it: “n-e-t!” Say it with me now, “n-e-t!” (Tape this word under the letter “e”.)  Let’s try another word, “elephant.” Elephant has the short vowel “e” sound: “E-e-elephant!”  Let’s say it together: “E-e-elephant!” Excellent work! (Tape this word under the letter “e”).

(Show vowel picture card for the letter “I”.)  The short vowel “i” says “ihhh” like “i-i-itching!”  When we see a word that has a short letter “i” in it, I want us to pretend like we are really itchy and scratching our bodies like this (show students how they are expected to itch while saying “i-i-itchy!”) Now let’s do it together: “i-i-itchy!”  I see the short vowel “i” sound in the word “igloo.” “I-i-igloo!”  Say it with me now: “i-i-igloo!” (Tape this word under the letter “i”.)  Let’s try this word, “pin.” “P-i-n!” Tape this word under the letter “i”.)

(Show vowel picture card for the letter “O”.)  The short vowel “o” sounds like when you go to the doctors and they are going to check your throat.  You open your mouth like an “o” and “awww” like in “m-o-p!” Say, “m-o-p” with me and feel the shape that your mouth makes. “M-o-o-op!” Good!  There is a short vowel “o” in this word, “b-o-x!” Say it with me now, “b-o-x!” Did your mouth make an “o” shape? (Tape this word under the letter “o”.) Let’s try this word, “l-o-g!” (Tape this word under the letter “o”.)

(Show vowel picture card for the letter “U”.)  The short vowel sound for the letter “u” is “uhhh” like in “u-u-umbrella!” When you see a word with the short vowel “u” in it, I want you to pretend like you are opening an umbrella (show students how this should be done while saying “u-u-umbrella”.) Try it with me now, “u-u-umbrella!” I also spot the short “u” sound in the word “sun.” “S-u-n!” Say it with me now, “s-u-n!” Great! (Tape this word under the letter “u”.)  Let’s try this word, “duck.”  “D-u-ck!” Yes! (Tape this word under the letter “u”.)

Now it’s your turn to practice!  I’m going to give you a muffin tin that has the letters “a, e, i, o, and u” in it and a bag of words (with picture cues on them.)  You are going to sort the words into the muffin tin depending on the short vowel sound you hear.  For example, for the word “mop” I would say “m-o-p” and realize it was the short vowel “o” sound!  I would place this word in the spot in the muffin tin where the letter “o” is.  So, if you have a short “a” vowel word, I want to see you pretending to sneeze as you say the word.  If you have a short “e” letter word, I want to see you pretending to exercise by doing your bicep curls.  If you have a short “i” letter word, I want to see you pretending to itch and scratch.  If you have a short “o” letter word, I want to see you pretending they are at the doctor’s office and you are going to check your throat.  Finally, if you have a short “u” letter word, I want to see you pretending to open your umbrellas while saying the word.

 

ant
mask
ball
egg
tent
bell
Ring
pig
wink
pot
dog
octopus
truck
cup
rug
apple
ham
net
elephant
igloo
pin
box
log
sun
duck

 

 

 

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